Climate and Energy
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rapport de mission d'observation indépendante de l'application de la loi forestière dans une concession du domaine forestier

Climate and Energy

Problems ( climate disruptions, Global agreement down, headlong rush towards the new oils)


Climate disruptions

In late September 2013, the first conclusions that will lead to the 5th IPCC report were approved. This report is an alarm on the growing severity of the impacts of climate change, but it also shows that we can still act to prevent the absolute climate chaos.

The IPCC makes different assumptions for emissions of greenhouse gases and their potential impact. The scenario that would see the average increase in temperatures remain below the 2 ° C, and limit the impacts of deregulation, means that greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase in 2020, and down to zero to horizon 2070. It is possible, feasible, and many signals shows the urgency of the situation.

This fifth report states that most of the fossil fuels must remain underground and that emissions of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions must be reduced to a level close to zero by 2070.

This is the observation made by the IPCC experts: the link between human activities and increasing temperatures observed since 1950 is very likely. The increased level of certainty: it was considered very likely in the 2007 report and only likely in the third report in 2001.

The IPCC is not the only one to pull hard the alarm.

Developing countries are those hardest hit by the ravages of climate disasters. The Philippines, which have been devastated by the passage of Typhoon Haiyan are also one of the most affected countries in 2012, in terms of human and material losses, according to the study published by Germanwatch, a German think tank . The World Bank has also warned about this !

Solutions (the disruption of the climate is global problem requiring a global solution, out of fossil fuels, nuclear exit, protect our forests mobilize)


The disruption of the climate is a global problem requiring a global solution

The Kyoto Protocol is the only global tool to date to fight against gas emissions on this scale greenhouse. This is far from a panacea: This agreement sets ambitions short of the scientific conclusions of the IPCC, the United States are not signatories, the stress system is broken ... He remains it is essential to find a sequence to the Kyoto Protocol which expired at the end of 2012. The failure of the Copenhagen conference and the lack of progress made with the following COP make it even more urgent to conclude a global agreement as the only way to set up a monitoring system and uniform sanction, to secure funding to help poor countries deal with the climate crisis and restore confidence as well. Because they will all, states will more !!
But for this, the industrialized countries must rise to the challenge, take on their climate debt vis-à-vis the developing countries to unlock international negotiations slipping too long ...

Out of fossil fuels
In addition to being responsible for major environmental disasters, oil, from extraction to consumption, is a leading CO2 emission sources in the world. If one wants to curb climate change and keep the temperature rise below two degrees, we can not be pumped and consumed to the last drop of oil. Governments around the world must choose between the search for oil at any price and the massive development of energy saving and renewable energy sectors. To ensure a better future for future generations, you must :

  • quickly out of the projects, high-risk deepwater drilling, tar sands, heavy oil ...
  • Phase out fossil 2050
  • Reduce oil demand, particularly in the transport sector
  • Remove subsidies to fossil fuels and develop those renewable


Out nuclear power
Nuclear power threatens our planet. It is dangerous, unnecessary and expensive. It is imperative to give it up.

Protect our forests
Copenhagen failed, but AOE continues to defend the goal Zero Deforestation "and proposes the creation of a fund" Forests for Climate ". This fund would finance the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. This fund would be financed by industrialized countries would compensate developing countries that put in place programs to protect their forest areas. It would ensure that the objectives of preserving biodiversity and respect of indigenous peoples are taken into account.
One of the original of our proposal is that the financing of the fund by the industrialized countries would come in addition to their efforts to reduce GHG emissions. Not only are these countries should reduce their greenhouse gas emissions territory, but they should in addition help developing countries reduce their greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation.
That's the whole point of this device compared to other compensation mechanisms. They give industrialized countries the opportunity to shirk their obligations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions on their territory by allowing them instead to finance reductions in developing countries. They are not at home, they do elsewhere. Greenpeace is calling them to do both.
The reason is simple: the industrialized countries have a historical responsibility for the climate crisis we are experiencing. In application of the "polluter pays" principle, they must participate more than the developing countries in the fight against climate change.

Mobilize
The fight against climate change is too often limited to a few individuals, some personalities, some associations. This is not enough. Each of us is responsible for the state of the planet. Environmental issues are everyone's business. We must inform, persuade, propose solutions for the right moves are taken back by all. Engaging people for that pressure on our leaders to be stronger than it is today.

What we do ? (AOE is against oil, AOE is renewable energy, AOE is for an ambitious global deal)


AOE is : against oil

The climate crisis and the decline in conventional oil reserves says should push us out of oil. However, companies will instead seek the black gold more and further, in conditions more difficult and in areas increasingly remote. This is called oil "unconventional." This oil is more difficult to extract, more expensive, dirtier and more risky. Very deep drilling oil sands here are some illustrations of the problem :
The Deepwater disaster : the consequence of our addiction
The 779 million liters of oil spilled make the leak in the Gulf of Mexico, the worst accidental oil leak in history. This disaster has shown that we do not know how to manage, contain a leak at that depth (1500 meters). If today the leak is plugged, the real record, he is far from known. The idea that oil would be gone is widespread. But by what miracle millions of barrels of oil could well have disappeared in the space of a few weeks? In fact, 80% of this oil would still present. But what is the real impact in the medium and long-term oil and chemical dispersants used on ecosystems ?
AOE responded to the request of many researchers who are calling for an independent review. One of his ships, the Arctic Sunrise, went on site to allow Florida or Louisiana scientists to study the extent and nature of the real consequences of the oil spill caused by BP

AOE is: Renewable Energy

"Energy revolution" that we defend through the promotion of energy efficiency but also the abandonment of fossil fuels (oil, coal, gas ...). Must be replaced by renewable energy. It is ecologically vital, as it is clean energy. It is technologically possible: we have the knowledge, it is the funding and political will is missing. It is cost-effective, especially in these times of crisis. French reducing CO2 emissions by 30% by 2020 would create over 300 000 jobs in the renewable sector !

AOE is: for an ambitious global deal

Following the Copenhagen Summit. We participated in all the preparatory meetings. We worked in a collective and inter-association with scientists, personalities. We multiplied the actions in Africa and elsewhere.
Our requests were ambitious but realistic: at least 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions in industrialized countries, support for developing countries, a fighting fund against deforestation, annual funding of 110 billion euros from industrialized countries to achieve these goals. These applications, based on the findings of scientists, are more relevant than ever. AOE and teams continue to put pressure on governments, in capitals, at regional and international meetings, to get the global agreement, necessary tool for effective fight against climate disruption.

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Côte d'Ivoire
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Abidjan - Côte d'Ivoire
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