Forests
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rapport de mission d'observation indépendante de l'application de la loi forestière dans une concession du domaine forestier

Forests

Problems

The number one problem is deforestation. In the space of a second, these are swathes of forest disappear from the surface of the globe, especially in the Amazon, the Congo Basin and Southeast Asia. This deforestation has global consequences: the increase in greenhouse gas emissions, loss of forest ecosystems, the destruction of the living environment of hundreds of millions of people.

20% of greenhouse gas emissions
Deforestation is a major cause of climate change. For two reasons. First, because fewer forests, less CO2 is absorbed and trapped by these ecosystems, so more CO2 in the atmosphere. On the other hand, because cutting trees, the forest industry releases the CO2 stored by these trees. In the end, 20% of global emissions of greenhouse gases from deforestation. That's more than the entire transportation sector!

A loss of biodiversity
Not only participates deforestation to global warming, but it also endangers animal and plant biodiversity. Forests concentrate in fact much of this biodiversity: half of our globe's terrestrial species live in tropical forests. By destroying their natural habitat, deforestation condemns them to death. It is estimated that the current rate of species extinction is a thousand times greater than its natural level. Eventually, the eradication of life threatening humanity itself.

Sacrificed the local population
In the Amazon, the Congo Basin, Southeast Asia, local people are evicted from their land and have their lives destroyed and polluted environment. The timber industry and the food purport to create jobs and wealth. But working conditions in logging operations are deplorable. The money will neither employees nor local communities, but business leaders and a few corrupt individuals.

The hazardous timber trade
Consumers make live this timber market in defiance of the environment. Our taste for exotic woods, our disinterest in the origin of the products we buy contribute to the plundering of forests. Wood prices unfortunately not integrate environmental and social costs of deforestation. The legislation is inadequate or violated. As the wood "illegal" and "non-sustainable" find economic opportunities, especially in Europe, tropical and boreal forests are endangered.

An unscrupulous agribusiness
The timber trade is not the only cause of deforestation. Agribusiness deforesting anything goes and turns the forest areas into farmland. Indonesia is to produce palm oil that we find in our products every day. In Brazil, it is to develop cattle. Often it is to grow soy or sugar cane to create real-lesagro fuels. In all cases, the forest is sacrificed to short-term financial interests.

Solutions

Preserve forests
The primary goal is "zero deforestation" . 80% of the "primary" the world's forests have already disappeared . These forests have hardly been exploited by man are a treasure for our planet. Most of the Earth's biodiversity is concentrated . Preserving these forests in the Amazon, the Congo Basin , South -East Asia is a priority. We must move from a logic of logging to protection logic. This means the regulation of the timber trade and the end of the conversion of forest areas in agro-industrial spaces.

Regulate the timber market
In 1992, the Earth Summit in Rio defined the "sustainable" wood. It is socially beneficial, environmentally appropriate and economically viable. It's that wood should be promoted. Europe must adopt legislation on the binding and ambitious to enhance the wood. It must at the same time prohibit the import, sale and possession of "illegal wood". The timber market has become ethically responsible.

Empower states, businesses and consumers
To participate in this consolidation of the timber market, we must enhance the wood produced locally and responsibly. Businesses, governments and consumers must respect these principles in their purchases.
At international level, only the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council, Forest Stewardship Council) is credible. This international label guarantees the preservation of natural resources and the rights of indigenous peoples and workers in the timber industry.

Support forest countries
The industrialized countries have to finance an international fund to fight against deforestation. This fund would provide forest countries financial incentives for them to preserve their forests. These countries should also be supported in the area of governance and law enforcement. This implies a strict control of forest property rights.
Create protected areas At the Earth Summit in 1992, governments from 187 countries adopted the "Convention on Biological Diversity." The aim was to preserve plant and animal biodiversity, for example by creating protected areas. Unfortunately, the Convention was ignored. We must implement for biodiversity, including in forests, or finally preserved.

What we do?

For climate talks that include deforestation
The agreement to be signed in Copenhagen would set targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions over the 2013-2017 period. Since 20% of these emissions are due to deforestation, AOE demands that climate negotiations include the fight against deforestation.

An innovative financial mechanism
AOE proposes to create a fight against deforestation funds. It would be financed by industrialized countries that should supply in proportion to their quotas of global emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). This funding would therefore more bonds of these countries in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. For their part, developing countries would be rewarded with this fund if they implement forest protection programs.

Binding African legislation
AOE campaigning for the 7 countries of the African Union to Export wood "illegal", that is to say, not respecting environmental and challenging social norms. In April 2009, the European Parliament has risen to the challenges by adopting a bill that would end the scandal of wood "illegal" sold in Europe. Governments must now decide. Unfortunately, they drag their feet and AOE must maintain pressure, particularly in France, for the text to be adopted.

Mobilization in Ivory Coast
The priority of our Local Groups in 2009 is to relay our message across France: exposing the drivers of deforestation, explain what wood "illegal" cause awareness. We lobby the large DIY chains. We meet with local officials. We inform the general public by action and awareness days. Our goal is to dry out at all levels of opportunities "illegal" wood.

The fight against palm oil plantations
AOE requires a moratorium on the conversion of tropical forests and peatlands of Southeast Asia for palm oil plantations. In 2008, we managed to force an industry giant, Unilever, to support this proposal. In 2009, we must convince other industrial and the Indonesian government to do the same and discourage companies to source palm oil if they do not know the source.

The fight against the expansion of cattle ranching in Brazil
This expansion comes at the expense of the Amazon rainforest. So AOE is campaigning for the Brazilian government does not endorse over the massacre and stop subsidizing the anarchic development of animal husbandry. We also call on companies involved in the trade of leather or beef to denounce their contracts with their suppliers if these suppliers involved in deforestation.

The review of logging titles in the RDC AND IVORY COAST
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, the review of the legality of forest titles was successfully completed. The results were published in January 2009 , twelve million hectares were invalidated ! The timber industry is already challenging the figures and wants to get millions of additional hectares of natural forests. So we have to ensure the implementation of the decisions on the ground and empower policies and donors to end the looting of Congolese forests.

Fact sheets

The drivers of deforestation
Deforestation is the process of disappearance of forest areas. Today, it is human activity that is primarily responsible. The forest recedes daily at the hands of the economy: 13 million hectares each year. Above all, it is the rainforests that are sacrificed: in the Amazon, the Congo Basin, South-East Asia.

Why?

Provide timber and land
The deforestation of economic motivation is twofold. First, feed the timber trade and meet the global demand for wood products (flooring, building materials, paper, etc.). Forest areas are gutted to facilitate access to rare species, cutting trees, transport which can be sold, let decompose or burn what can not be. Tropical and boreal forests, and provide large importers such as the European Union, the USA, Japan and China. The forest taking the spoil can be found in our stores, our offices, our houses without our awareness of the price paid by the environment for our material comfort. The food industry is the other major responsible for deforestation. Forest areas disappear in favor of industrial crops or grazing areas. It plant oil palm, soya. Cattle are raised there. The food industry giants (Cargill, Unilever, Nestle, Procter & Gamble ...) and find new resources to run their factories and supply the market of food products, cosmetics, detergents and desagrocarburants.
Whatever the destination of these new crops, forest back to financial logic name indifferent to environmental and social consequences of deforestation.

Corruption and lack of political will
The looting of forest resources by industry could not be done without the support of political authorities and widespread corruption. In Indonesia, the government conducts a disastrous policy of support for the palm oil industry and pulp. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, corruption and political instability have allowed manufacturers to expand their timber concessions illegally. In Brazil, the government subsidizes the expansion of huge cattle farms that are in smoke the Amazon rainforest. Corruption it allows illegal loggers to export their loot with impunity. In Europe, political leaders have still not agreed on a demanding regulation of the timber trade. They defend the use of biofuels and thus contribute to the destruction of forest resources. Globally, the negotiations on climate change are struggling to take into account the 20% of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation. In the end, the political authorities, for their refusal to exercise effective control over the timber industry and agribusiness are all leaders that they deforestation worldwide.

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Côte d'Ivoire
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Abidjan - Côte d'Ivoire
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